Spinal Pathologies that we treat:
1. Deformities of the spine:
Deformity of the spine means Shape deviations of the spine, such as scoliosis (lateral bending), hyperkyphosis (hunchback), can occur in various underlying diseases:
1.1 Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common form. The underlying disease has not yet been clarified.
1.2 Neuromuscular scoliosis: There are several neurological diseases that cause muscle disbalance/weakness.
(e.g., cerebral palsy).
1.3 Congenital scoliosis refers to various congenital shape disorders of the vertebral bodies (e.g., hemi-vertebra).
1.4 Hyperkyphosis occurs, e.g. in growth disorders of the spine.
e.g. Scheuermann's or Bechterew disease and, secondarily, by fractures like post traumatic kyphosis.
2. Degenerative diseases of the spine:
In the course of life, the spine undergoes wear and tear (degenerative changes). The structures that are affected by their frequency are intervertebral discs (e.g. herniated disc), small vertebral joints (e.g. spondylarthrosis), vertebral bodies (e.g. osteochondrosis), and ligaments as well as muscles of the spine.
These degenerative changes lead to a pathological movement of the vertebral bodies (e.g. slipping vertebra) , a narrowing of the nerve canal or spinal cord canal (spinal canal stenosis), and a change in the shape of the spine (degenerative scoliosis).
Various manifestations of back and leg pain and a combination of pain, as well as numbness and paralysis, are possible.
3. Spinal tumors, infections, and fractures:
Tumors of the spine are most often metastases of other tumors that lead to fractures of the vertebral bodies (pathological fracture) or narrowing of the nerve structures (spinal stenosis). Pain and paralysis can be the result. The same applies to accident-related or osteoporotic fractures of the spine.
Traumatic spinal fractures with injury of the bone-ligament-complex can lead to the narrowing of the nerve structures (e.g., the spinal cord), instability, and changes in the shape of the spine.
Infections of the intervertebral disc (spondylodiscitis) can lead to destruction of the adjacent vertebral bodies with abscess formation. Segmental instability occurs, possibly in conjunction with compression of nerve structures.